Every one of us feels sad at some point in our lives. Usually, those feelings of sadness go away after a short period of time. But if the feelings of hopelessness, despair, and sadness last long and just won’t go away, maybe the depression is over. Depression is a very big and common mental illness that comes in the way of how you think, feel and act. It interferes with your abilities and makes it difficult for you to perform your daily tasks. Activities you already enjoy do not stay as pleasurable. However, no matter how dejected you are or how bleak the world looks, you will get well and the first step in this is to know what depression is .

Clinical Depression Symptoms

Following are the symptoms of depression:

Depression Mood: Sad, empty, helpless, tearful or hopeless, I think nothing will ever get better and life will doom you to

Anger mood: High and feeling anger even in small doses

Fall of flowers: Inability to enjoy and enjoy in everyday activities and also in people who have once enjoyed such hobbies, sports, a exercise, sex and / or exercise

Changes in appetite and loss: It may indicate either an increase or decrease in weight and appetite. You may have to force yourself to eat or conversely you may have huge cravings at certain foods.

Changes in sleep patterns: Either sleep too much or have insomnia

    Anxiety, restlessness, and anxiety: As manifested by the increase in purposeless physical activity such as the hands, the inability to sit still, the back and forth products
    Police speech: Including taking pauses for response, reduction in volume and enhancement of speech or slowed body movements
    Weight Loss: Fatigue, fatigue, and fatigue, even small tasks such as washing dishes should be considered effortless and seem tired after you make small tasks or taking longer time than usual for all tasks
    Perceptions of worthlessness: self-hatred, self-blame, guilt and ruminating over past mistakes
    Difficulties in Thoughts: Problem is on, making decisions and remembering
    Thinking about death: Thinking about suicide or committing suicide
    Physical Symptoms: Such as a headache, back or stomach aches, shoulder pain and other medical problems

    All of these symptoms are always a part of a person's life whenever he or she is going through a difficult phase but these symptoms should occur at least two weeks for the diagnosis of depression.        They will vary from person to person and can range from mild to severe. It is important to remember that feelings of helplessness, worthlessness, and hopelessness are a sign of depressions and they do not define the reality of your life. This is how almost everyone in a state of depression feels but you can take steps to overcome feelings and you will enjoy once renew life and raise your mood.   Depression can be treated but if left untreated, it can lead to serious problems.

It is estimated that one in 15 adults (6.7%) experiences depression within a year. and 16.6% of people will suffer from depression at some point in their lives. Depression can strike at any age but in the middle it is most likely to take advantage of the appearance of the onset of puberty. Women in particular are compared to men more likely to suffer. Studies show that one-third of women will go through a major depressive episode in their lives.

Types of Depression

Major depression
Cheap depressive disorder
bipolar Disorder
Typical affective disorder (SAD)
psychotic depression
Peripartum (Tag) Depression
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
situational stress
atypical depression

Manifestation of Depression according to Age and Gender

symptoms of Depression usually vary between men and women and also vary with age.

Depression in Men

   Depression men tend to reject feelings of hopelessness and self-loathing. When men suffer from depression, they are more likely to report irritability, anger, dissatisfaction at work and hobbies, fatigue and sleep problems. They are also likely to engage in reckless behavior, aggression and substance abuse.

Depression in Women

    Depression in women is manifested in the form of feelings of excessive guilt, oversleeping, overeating and weight gain. in women, hormonal factors also play an important role in the exacerbation of symptoms during pregnancy, menopause, and pregnancy. In fact, one in seven women experience postpartum depression.

Depression in Teens

    Major complaints during the depressive episode of adolescents and children are without remorse. Children and teens manifest anger, anger, and anxiety. Memory in their level may also be a signal of depression. They may also have a complained of stomach, headache, or other body pains. Babies may not share a lot of weight during difficult times.

Depression in Older Adults

    Adult complaints are often about physical symptoms that can cause emotional symptoms. They may not need to take medications for their health and may not care for themselves. They report symptoms such as memory problems, fatigue, and physical illness.

Causes and Risk Factors of Depression

    The exact cause of the depression is unknown. It is believed that depression is caused by a combination of factors including brain chemistry, genetics, environmental factors, personality traits, lifestyle choices and coping skills. Major risk factors for depression are:

    Brain's Physical Structure: People who are going through a depressive episode appear to have changes in their brain. Although the significance of such changes is still not certain, however, it may eventually help in the diagnosis and treatment.

Biochemistry: There are certain neurotransmitters in the brain that regulate functions such as feeling happiness, joy, fear, sadness, etc. Imbalance of those neurotransmitters also contributes to the appearance of Depressive episode.

Hormones: Sometimes depression is triggered by changes in the hormones in the body. The amount of hormones is altered in the body during and after pregnancy, menstrual cycles, during menopause and by thyroid problems with other conditions.

Genetics: Depression is common with people whose families also suffer from mood swings and anxiety disorders. twins, one sibling depression, other siblings have a 70% chance of experiencing depression in one's life.

Environmental factors: Being in an unsupportive environment, domestic violence, physical or emotional abuse, financial problems, mental illness, the death of a loved one, a difficult relationship Well, contracting a disease for your life is one of the most common causes of depression.

Personality Features: People who have a terrible view of life, have low self-esteem, live as others, have low-stress self-esteem are more vulnerable to depression.

Treatment Conditions: It is important to note that some medical conditions such as tumor problems, vitamin deficiency or brain disorders etc. may also produce symptoms similar to depression. Therefore it is important to know that you do not have any medical conditions prior to the onset of depression.

Side effects of the medication: Symptoms may also be caused by medications such as medications used to induce sleep and blood pressure medications. If you think depressive symptoms are due to the drug, talk to your doctor before stopping the use of the medication.

Other Psychological disorders: Diagnosis or history of other psychiatric disorders such as anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. to those at risk of a traumatic person.

Treatment of Clinical Depression
Medicinal care - antidepressants
Cognitive behavioral therapy

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